Your doctor will provide you with complete instructions on how to prepare. Most types of endoscopy require you to stop eating solid foods up to 12 hours before the procedure. Certain types of clear liquids, such as water or juice, may be allowed up to two hours prior to the procedure. Your doctor will clarify this with you.
Your doctor may give you a laxative or enema the night before your procedure to clear your system. This is common for procedures involving the gastrointestinal tract and anus. Before the Endoscopy, your doctor will perform a physical exam and check your complete medical history, including any prior surgical history.
Be sure to tell your doctor about any medications you are taking, including over-the-counter medications and nutritional supplements. Also alert your doctor to any allergies you may have. You may need to stop taking certain medications if they may interfere with bleeding, especially anticoagulants or antiplatelet medications.
You may need to plan for someone else to take you home after the procedure, as you may feel uncomfortable due to the anesthesia.
Most endoscopies are outpatient procedures. This means you can go home the same day. Your doctor will close the incision wound with sutures and dress it properly immediately after the procedure. Your doctor will instruct you on how to care for the wound yourself.
Afterwards, you may have to wait one to two hours in the hospital for the effects of the sedation to wear off. A friend or family member will drive you home. When you get home, you should plan to rest for the rest of the day.
Some procedures may make you slightly uncomfortable. It may take some time to get yourself feeling well enough to carry out your daily business. For example, after an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, you may have a sore throat and need to eat a soft diet for a few days. After a cystoscopy to examine your bladder, you may have blood in your urine. This should pass within 24 hours, but if it persists, you should contact your doctor.
If your doctor suspects cancer, they will perform a biopsy as part of your Endoscopy Procedure. The results will take several days. Your doctor will discuss the results with you after they retrieve them from the lab.
The risk of bleeding and infection is much lower with endoscopy compared to open surgery. Nevertheless, endoscopy is a medical procedure, so it carries some risk of bleeding, infection and other rare complications, such as
Damage to your organs, including possible perforation
Persistent pain in the endoscopy area
Redness and swelling at the incision site
The risk for each type depends on the location of the procedure and your own condition.
For example, dark colored stools, vomiting and difficulty swallowing after a colonoscopy may indicate a problem. Hysteroscopy carries a small risk of uterine perforation, uterine bleeding or cervical trauma. If you have a capsule endoscopy, there is a small risk of the capsule getting stuck somewhere in the digestive tract. The risk is higher for people with conditions that cause narrowing of the digestive tract. The capsule may then need to be removed surgically.
Ask your doctor about symptoms to look for after an endoscopy.
We also have Laparoscopic Instruments available, please feel free to contact us if you need them